Green building is the practice of minimizing the impact a building has on the natural environment. Although there are numerous theories and rating systems proposing how this can be accomplished, they all share several clear goals:
Reduced Energy Consumption
Energy is in high demand, and the processes used to generate energy often produce carbon dioxide emissions. Decreasing energy and fossil fuel use in buildings is important to prevent large-scale climate change.
Material and Resource Conservation
Green designers and builders select building materials and methods that reduce the amount of natural resources required to construct a building.
Healthy Indoor Environment
With people spending 90% of their time indoors, buildings need to provide a safe environment for occupants, free from mold, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or other harmful airborne pollutants.
Water-saving systems limit the use of this important natural resource and prevent water pollution that can damage natural ecosystems.
Careful site and infrastructure development will minimize water and air pollution.
The construction and operation of buildings has a significant impact on the environment. Buildings account for 39% of total U.S. energy consumption and 38% of carbon dioxide emissions.
Green buildings use less energy, reduce carbon dioxide emissions and play an important role in combating global climate change.
Traditionally constructed buildings use a tremendous amount of natural resources to construct and operate. Constructing green buildings use these resources more efficiently, while minimizing pollution that can harm renewable natural resources. This crucial to a sustainable future.
There are economic benefits to green buildings as well. Energy-efficient buildings cost less to operate. Studies have shown that healthy indoor environments can actually improve employee and student productivity.